What is the difference between a data engineer, a data scientist and a data analyst?

Data Analyst

Many businesses and start-ups rely on data nowadays. In particular, those in the digital or online space. Whether it is tracking customers' behavior and purchases on an e-commerce site, comparing last year's performance with this year's, or measuring the number of visits a website gets, data plays a huge role in today's economy and the daily work of many employees. It is a crucial and valuable asset for business planning and development.

There has never been a better time to start a career in data as the demand for data professionals such as analysts, data scientists, and data engineers is growing rapidly. But, what exactly is the difference between these 3 particular roles, and do you need different skills for each?

The differences between a data engineer, a data scientist, and a data analyst

It is quite common to confuse the differences between data science and data analytics, and how these two relates to data engineering. But there are some fundamental differences between these three positions. An data analyst needs to process and interpret data. A data scientist needs to be able to build and develop tools that process information. Let's take a look at each role in a little more depth. And, an data engineer needs to be able to build programs or systems that can take data and turn it into meaningful information that can be studied. 

What does a data analyst do?

Basically, a data analyst analyses data and breaks it down so that companies and teams can use it to make decisions. Knowing which landing page of a website performs best in terms of SEO, for example, or knowing how many users leave a web page immediately after visiting can be very helpful in deciding the next steps for a content strategy. A data analyst studies the numbers and presents them in a way that teams can use the information. They may need to understand current performance or plan for the future and find ways to optimize sales or website visits or to identify trends according to different user groups.

What are the key skills and responsibilities for a data analyst?

The skills needed for this role include:

  • good statistical knowledge
  • strong technical skills
  • the ability to study numerical information and turn it into a narrative or point of information
  • reporting and data visualization 

When it comes to responsibilities, a data analyst is responsible for gathering data and compiling it in a report. This may be based on factors such as time-frame and activity. They are also responsible for interpreting this information. They can then translate it into logical, meaningful, and applicable reports for their coworkers.

This role is a great starting point for anyone who is interested in any career in data. Gaining experience in this area will provide a solid foundation for any data-related career path.

Are you enjoying this article? Keep learning about Data Analytics!

Take the first step into tech and find out more about our Data Analytics bootcamp

What does a data engineer do?

A data engineer develops and maintains data architecture. They are specialists in preparing large datasets so that they can be used by analysts. Where an analyst needs to interpret information, an engineer needs to build programs that can generate data into a meaningful layout.

What skills are required for this role?

Working with both structured and unstructured data is a key component for someone in this role. Therefore, expertise in SQL is a key skill required. Tasks such as data deduplication, data management, and data cleaning are also important for a data engineer. Anyone in this role needs strong programming skills and knowledge of algorithms. Building an API may be among their responsibilities, for instance, or developing a cloud infrastructure. It is a very technical function, and good knowledge of engineering and testing tools is also required.

A data engineer is responsible for developing and maintaining data pipelines. They generally need to develop processes around data modeling and data generation. This requires creative thinking and strong problem-solving ability. Applying standard practices in data management to the needs of the business is also a crucial responsibility.

What does a data scientist do?

This person performs advanced statistical analyses and studies large datasets. They need in-depth knowledge of machine learning and data conditioning.

What are the typical responsibilities for someone in this role?

A data scientist is responsible for tasks such as data transformation and cleaning. They work to identify and categorize various patterns in data as well as to develop machine-learning algorithms to be more accurate and efficient. They need to understand the needs of the company or team they are working with in order to transform and order large datasets as required.

What are the most important skills for a data scientist?

The key skills for a scientist include solid mathematical skills and detailed knowledge of R, SAS, and Python. They also need to study and understand machine learning algorithms and be familiar with big data tools. One of the most important skills for this role is an in-depth understanding of how APIs are developed and how they operate. Technical skills like data optimization and data mining are important for this role. Soft skills including decision-making and creative thinking are also excellent assets to have.

Data training and education

One of the best ways to start a career in the data field or build on your existing analytics knowledge is to take a data analytics bootcamp. This is an intensive course that will provide you with skills in areas such as Python, SQL, statistics, and probability. The bootcamp also covers tools like Tableau. These are key topics for anyone interested in developing a career in data analysis. Overall, analytics is an excellent industry in which to build a career. The demand for professionals is huge, and it is a lucrative, exciting area in which to work. 

Join Ironhack

Ready to join?

+10,000 career changers and entrepreneurs launched their careers in the tech industry with Ironhack's bootcamps. Take a step forward and join the tech revolution!


What would you like to learn?


Where would you like to study?

Related blog posts about Data Analytics

Data Analytics Is Changing The World - Here’s Why You Should Care


Data Analytics Basics: Learn From Anywhere!


Telling Compelling Stories With Data


How Much You Can Earn in London As a Data Analyst


How to Improve Your Python Skills


The 5 Most In-Demand Machine Learning Languages in 2022

Stay up to date on our latest news and events. Sign up now!
Please type your name
Type your last name
The email is not valid. Please try again

By applying I accept the Privacy Policy and the Terms of Use